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Palabras en inglés contradictorios.

Tiempo de lectura estimado: 3 minutos

El inglés nunca deja de sorprender. Su gramática y vocabulario siempre desvelan estructuras lingüísticas nuevas y curiosidades que pocos idiomas tienen.

Aprender inglés puede ser complicado porque está lleno de palabras con significados contradictorios. Palabras así se llaman contronyms.

Aquí hay una lista de algunos contronyms.

OUT

1st meaning: Visible. E.g. the stars are out.

2nd meaning: not working, or invisible. E.g. the lights are out.

FINISHED

1st meaning: completed. E.g. the project is finally finished.

2nd meaning: destroyed. E.g. I’m finished.

DUST

1st meaning: to sprinkle a find powder over something.

2nd meaning: to clean an object or surface by wiping away the dust.

CUSTOM

1st meaning: common practice or tradition shared by many people.

2nd meaning: a unique item such as a custom-made car.

CONSULT

1st meaning: to seek advice. E.g. consult a doctor for instruction.

2nd meaning: to give advice. E.g. a consultant issues guidance.

WEATHER

1st meaning: to withstand or endure. E.g. weather a storm.

2nd meaning: worn down. E.g. the rock is weathered.

FAST

1st meaning: moving quickly.

2nd meaning: firmly fixed or attached to one place. E.g. the roots are fast in the ground.

BOUND

1st meaning: to be bound for something is to move towards it with determination.

2nd meaning: to be bound by something is to be limited or restricted by something.

TRIM

1st meaning: to remove branches from a tree.

2nd meaning: to add branches and decorations to a Christmas tree.

STRIKE

1st meaning: to hit or deliver a blow.

2nd meaning: to miss while trying to hit (baseball)

SEED

1st meaning: to add seeds to the grass.

2nd meaning: to remove seeds from a fruit, like in seeding a watermelon.

OVERLOOK

1st meaning: monitor or supervise. E.g. he was overlooking his workers.

2nd meaning: neglect or fail to notice. E.g. she seems to have overlooked one important thing.

LEFT

1st meaning: Someone or something that is remaining. E.g. Who’s left?

2nd meaning: Someone or something that has departed. E.g. He left.

TOSS OUT

1st meaning: to suggest something, as in “toss out an idea”.

2nd meaning: to dispose of something.

SANCTION

1st meaning: to formally give permission for something, usually by a government.

2nd meaning: impose a ban on someone after violating the rules.

STONE

1st meaning: to remove the stones from a fruit.

2nd meaning: to throw stones at someone or something.

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